- Many different allergy medications exist and you need to inform yourself about these medications so you take the correct one for your needs.
- Allergy medications are almost always taken orally, topically, or through the nasal passage.
- A lot of allergy medications are available OTC but some stronger medications will require a prescription from a doctor.
Allergies can range from mild inconveniences to severe health challenges, but thankfully, there are numerous allergy medications available to alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life. Whether you’re dealing with seasonal allergies, food allergies, or other allergic reactions, understanding these medications can help you find the right treatment for your specific needs. Allergy medications come in various forms and types, each targeting different aspects of the body’s allergic response. Whether you need relief from itching, congestion, or other allergy symptoms, there is likely an allergy medication that can help. For personalized advice and access to a wide range of allergy medications, consider consulting with the experts at Epic Pharmacy to find the right solution for your allergy management needs. In the meantime, below we explain the different types of allergy medications.
Types Of Allergy Medication And How They Work
Allergy medications can be broadly categorized into several types, each with its own mechanism of action and specific use cases. Here are the main categories of allergy medications and an overview of how they work:
Histamines are chemicals that the body releases when it encounters an allergen, triggering allergy symptoms such as sneezing, itching, and runny nose. Antihistamines work by blocking the action of histamines, thereby reducing or preventing these symptoms.
How To Take Antihistamines
Antihistamines are typically available in various forms, including tablets, capsules, liquid, and even as nasal sprays or eye drops, depending on the specific product. They are usually taken orally, but some are suitable for topical application.
Common Antihistamine Medications:
- Loratadine (Claritin)
- Cetirizine (Zyrtec)
- Fexofenadine (Allegra)
- Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
Decongestants are used to relieve nasal congestion by narrowing the blood vessels in the nasal passages. This action reduces swelling and congestion, making it easier to breathe.
How To Take Decongestants
Decongestants are available in various forms, including tablets, capsules, nasal sprays, and liquids. Oral decongestants are typically taken by mouth, while nasal sprays are applied directly to the nasal passages.
Common Decongestants Medications:
- Pseudoephedrine (Sudafed)
- Phenylephrine (Neo-Synephrine)
- Oxymetazoline (Afrin) – Nasal spray
Corticosteroids, also known as steroids, are anti-inflammatory medications that reduce inflammation in the body. When used as allergy medications, they help control symptoms such as nasal congestion, sneezing, and itching by reducing inflammation in the nasal passages.
How To Take Corticosteroids
Corticosteroids are available in various forms, including nasal sprays, inhalers, tablets, and creams. Nasal corticosteroid sprays are commonly used for allergies and are administered directly into the nasal passages.
Common Corticosteroids Medications:
- Fluticasone (Flonase)
- Budesonide (Rhinocort)
- Mometasone (Nasonex)
4. Mast Cell Stabilizers
Mast cell stabilizers work by preventing the release of histamines and other chemicals from mast cells. By stabilizing these cells, they help prevent allergic reactions and minimize symptoms.
How To Take Mast Cell Stabilizers
Mast cell stabilizers are often available as nasal sprays or eye drops for allergies. They are applied directly to the affected area.
Common Mast Cell Stabilizers Medications:
- Cromolyn sodium (Nasalcrom)
- Nedocromil (Alocril)
Get Advice & Allergy Medications From Epic Pharmacy
Choosing the right allergy medication and understanding how to use it effectively is essential for managing allergies. At Epic Pharmacy, you can get expert advice and access to a wide range of allergy medications to help alleviate your allergy symptoms and improve your quality of life. Our knowledgeable pharmacists can guide you in selecting the most suitable medication based on your specific allergies and needs. Please note that our pharmacists can only provide information and advice on medications and any medication that requires a prescription, must first be prescribed by a doctor. Contact us or stop by Epic Pharmacy today to learn more about how we can assist you with your medications and your medicinal care.